Agriculture is the most important productive activity of the Province of Córdoba’s primary sector. The main crops of the province (in tons) are soybeans, corn, wheat, peanuts and sorghum.
The production of oilseeds in the province has a large impact relative to the total domestic production of some crops. For example, the province produced 92% of peanuts and 36% soybeans in the agricultural season 2008-2009.
Livestock is the second most important economic activity within the primary sector of the Province of Córdoba. This activity involves the breeding of animals for productive and economic purposes. Usually, it is operated under the extensive form, i.e., using the natural resources modified by producers, though with more frequency livestock production is developing intensively, improving productivity and efficiency.
The production of milk, using specialized breeds of cows, is the main activity within dairy farming in Córdoba. The main activities within the livestock industry include milking, and the production and sale of milk, and it is directly related to the dairy industry; the industry uses milk as main input for the production of commercial dairy products and various byproducts.
The Province of Córdoba has become of primary importance in milk production in Argentina, outperforming Santa Fe. Its contribution to the national total has continued to increase over time, reaching 37% today.
The most important dairy regions can be clearly identified: South Region (Huinca Renancó area), Northeast Region (Morteros area) and Department San Martín Region (Villa Maria area).The latter accounts for 43% of the provincial dairy production.
Source: Department of Statistics and Census of the Government of the Province of Córdoba www.estadistica.cba.gov.ar